different-types-of-python-framework

Best Python frameworks you need to be aware of in 2022

Frameworks are extensively used in the development of applications to reuse code to perform similar HTTP operations and provide the structure of an application with predefined functions. Frameworks can make a programmer's job easier because these frameworks structure the project so that any programmer with a solid understanding of the framework can carry the application with ease. While there's the alternative of using libraries, most people prefer using frameworks because it's more natural, reliable, and simple to expand the functionality with the tools offered by frameworks. Using a library could be problematic, as is performing any specific task. You must master the functions required to carry out the job. There is no particular library flow, but within the framework, there is a fundamental flaw followed by programmers who control the applications. These are just a few Python frameworks. We will discuss each one in the following subject.

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Different types of Python Framework

Python generally falls into three categories of frameworks. They are full-stack framework, micro-framework, and Asynchronous Framework. Let's take a look at what each of them has to offer:

Different types of Python FrameworkDifferent types of Python Framework, Source: Proreviewsapp

  • Full Stack Framework: The name says it all: this framework offers the complete solution to web development such as forms generators, form validation, and template layouts, among others. This kind of framework is suitable to create an application. It's challenging to work with.
  • Micro Framework: It's a simple, lightweight framework, but it doesn't include additional features like a data abstraction layer or form validation. Developers must spend a lot of effort when adding code manually to add more features and functions. This is a good thing for small applications.
  • Asynchronous Framework: Framework has gained popularity recently and uses the asyncio library to function. This kind of framework aids in the running of large numbers of concurrent connections.

Top Python Frameworks on the List

In this article, we'll look at the top Python frameworks more in-depth:

1. Bottle

The framework is suitable for small-scale apps and is used to create APIs. It is among the most widely used Python web frameworks since it doesn't require dependence other than the standard Python library to create the application. Programmers can use hardware. The framework is built using one source file and is part of the category of micro-framework.

Python bottle framework - what is web app framework ? & installing bottle, Source: Youtube, Hamoud aziz

Essential Features of Bottle Framework are listed below:

  • With this framework, one can gain access to data from forms and cookies, uploading files, and other metadata related to HTTP.
  • The route for dispatching requests is an additional key feature in this system.
  • It has a built-in HTTP server.
  • Has plugin support for various databases.
  • Third-party template engines, as well as HTTP servers, can be utilized.

2. Django

This is a part of the full-stack framework category, which has been gaining recognition in recent years and is considered one of the most popular Python web frameworks. It adheres to its principle that you don't repeat Yourself (DRY). 

Python Django Web Framework - Full Course for Beginners, Source: Youtube, freeCodeCamp.org 

Django includes several built-in libraries and provides the capability to transfer data between databases and the next. By default, Django can work with the following data sources: MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, and SQLite. The rest of the databases can be utilized with the aid of third-party drivers. To map objects to tables in databases, it makes use of ORM.

Key Features include:

  • Security is the primary aspect of this particular framework. Compared to other Python frameworks, Django can be said to be more secure.
  • It allows URL routing.
  • It also provides authentication and security features.
  • Django provides the ability to migrate schemas from databases.
  • It includes good prebuilt libraries to enable complete stack creation.
  • Django follows MVC-MVT architecture. The developer must create the model, View, and template in this structure. The user maps this to the URL, and Django performs all the other tasks.

3. Web2Py

This is a framework in that category called the "full-stack. It is an open-source, flexible framework adapted for any operating system. Web2Py includes a web-based IDE with all the features an IDE must have, such as the debugger, a code editor, and one-click deployment. It can't use Python 3.

Full Stack Web Development with Python WEB2PY, Source: Youtube, Sameer Negi

Principal Features:

  • The ticket system exists where a ticket can be issued to the user if there is a problem in the framework.
  • It is platform-independent.
  • The backward compatibility feature ensures progress without breaking the bonds with earlier versions.
  • The readability of various protocols
  • Access control based on role
  • There is no requirement for the installation or configuration of this device.
  • Offer support for internalization.

4. Flask

Another popular light and micro-framework is the flask. Because of its modular design, it is much more adaptable. By using this framework, developers can create solid web applications. The development of such applications is easy to implement any extension.

Learn Flask for Python - The Complete Guide, Source: Youtube, freeCodeCamp.org 

Principal Features:

  • Compatible with Google App Engine
  • Aids jinja2 template and Werkzeug WSGI toolkit
  • Inbuilt debugger
  • Unit testing is a requirement
  • To enable client-side session Flask offers support for cookies
  • Restful request to dispatch
  • Another important aspect that this framework has is that it is Unicode that is based on Unicode
  • The handling of HTTP request requests is available
  • This framework also gives the possibility of plugging into any ORM

5. CherryPy

One of the most popular microframeworks available is CherryPy. It is a minimalist style. CherryPy is an open-source, object-oriented framework. It can be used with any technology to access information or create templates. Applications built using this framework are standalone Python applications with a multithreaded server.

CherryPy [ Python Framework ] Crash Course 2021 For Beginners, Source: Youtube, Bek Brace

Below are a few of the essential characteristics of CherryPy:

  • One can host multiple servers at once by using this framework
  • Platform independent.
  • Profiling, coverage, and testing are just a few of the built-in features included in the framework.
  • The operating system is Android.
  • It is a great configuration system
  • HTTP WSGI compatible thread the pooled web server is available.
  • Encoding, caching, and authentication are a few additional features offered in the framework.

6. CubicWeb

This is a full-stack Python framework that uses cubes instead of relying on separate views and models. It is an open-source, free-to-use, semantic web framework.

Python CubicWeb Introduction, Source: Youtube, SaaS Gurukul

Principal Features of the framework include:

  • It offers support for various databases.
  • Offers protection and reusable components
  • Make use of RQL(relational query language) to make data-related queries
  • Supports Web Ontology Language (OWL) and Resource Description Framework(RDF)

Conclusion

On this page, we've examined different Python frameworks that can be useful in developing web-based applications. Each framework is explained along with the key features of each, and the frameworks can satisfy the needs of a project and a business. The decision to choose a framework rests entirely on the designer following their needs for their project.

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Hope this article is helpful to you, thanks for reading.

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