Nowadays, the development of smartphones has helped people have a lot of experience and entertainment when using phones, the fierce competition in the world of smartphones has to mention the competition of smartphones using the iOS and Android operating system.
The Secret of the Boom of Android Smartphones
The development history of the phone
The first telephones were based on Thomas Edison’s Tags telegraphs was invented by Alexander Graham Bell in 1876.
Thomas Edison’s Tags telegraphs and Alexander Graham Bell in 1876, Source: history.com
And The phones have gone through many periods of great development and improvement for the sake of convenience of communication.
The telephone desk, Source: timetoast.com
The phones evolved from the telephone desk then cell phones.
From the early days of the bulky 4.5kg, mobile phones born in 1967 called the Carry Phone, then the 2kg mobile phones in 1973 made by Martin Cooper, a pioneer inventor who works for Motorola.
The Carry Phone in 1967, Source: weburbanist.com
Motorola won the construction of the first cell phone. After 10 years to 1983, Motorola released Motorola DynaTAC for $ 4,000, with a length of 24.5cm weighing up to 1kg, taking up to 10 hours to charge the battery.
Motorola DynaTAC in 1983, Source: news18.com
The improved cell phones are COMPRESSED, have a longer life-using battery, are easy to use, and are cheaper for commercial production. Phones basically have functions to listen to calls, a pressing keypad.
However, there has been a huge change when new phones came into being, namely the Smartphone.
iPhone Smartphone, iPhone OS
In 2007, during the seminar on new product launches, Apple launched the iPhone, this birth marked a breakthrough in design with special features of a touch screen, no keyboard, just flick your fingers.
Steve Jobs at Apple launched the iPhone, Source: celebritydiagnosis.com
The first generation of the iPhone that uses a separate operating system was the iPhone OS.
iPhone really created an extremely hot fever with the Smartphone market at that time, creating a huge premise for smartphone racing.
Google has also noticed this lucrative piece of cake in the smartphone segment for a long time.
They partnered with Android Corporation to develop a smart operating system for touchscreen mobile phones and tablets based on Linux. In 2005 Google acquired Android, Android was launched in 2007 with the announcement of the handheld devices alliance.
The smartphone running the Android operating system was sold in 2008. This was a step marking the fierce race with Apple's iPhone.
Google-HTC T-Mobile G1 in 2008, Source: pcworld.com
The world’s first Android phone has one mission: to challenge the iPhone, is Google-HTC T-Mobile G1 in 2008
A year later since the launch of the iPhone, Apple launched the App Store in July 2008.
Apple launched the App Store in July 2008, Source: venturebeat.com
App Store has rapidly grown from 500 applications to more than 3.4 million applications today. On the first day of launch, the App Store had 10 million downloads. Apple was the first company to hit the 100,000 apps mark in November 2009.
Google Play Store
One year after the launch of the Android operating system, Google launched the Android Market in 2008, which only exists on Android devices.
Google launched the Android Market in 2008, Source: logos-world.net
Android Market hit 200,000 apps in 2011, the number doubling by the end of the year.
The development of Google Play from 2008-2021, logos-marcas.com
The launch of the Google Play Store in 2012 is the perfect combination of the Android Market, the Google Music Store, and the Google eBookstore.
Market share of iOS and Android smartphones
Right from the launch, Apple and Google have chosen to go separate way for their platforms
Apple develops the iOS operating system exclusively for its phones, Apple has been more proactive when they perfectly combine the software, operating system, and hardware they produce.
Many major phone manufacturers in the world use the Android operating system for their devices, and the Android operating system has open-source coupled with a non-binding license is also customizable depending on the device manufacturer. These factors have made Android the most popular smartphone platform in the world.
The operating system share of smartphone from 2016 to 2021, Source: statista.com
The Android operating system has 71.93% of the smartphone market share worldwide in Jan 2021. However, the number of developers participating in developing applications on Google Play is four times less than the App Store.
In terms of compatibility Android is better than iOS, below is an example to help you better understand the compatibility of the two operating systems.
If you intend to use a smartwatch, are interested in an Apple Watch, or are using an Apple Watch, there is no choice but to use an iPhone. If wearing Android Wear or Samsung Gear, it can run with both iOS and Android, but the iOS has limited features than Android.
In short, in terms of compatibility with other hardware in general, it is clear that the Android operating system has a lot more advantages over iOS. However, if you are spending a lot of Apple devices, buy an iPhone so you can make full use of Apple's ecosystem.
For iOS they do not allow you to install an application from any external application store other than the App Store, the software installation must go through more steps, thus limiting the harmful malware.
Security of iOS and Android, Source: uk.pcmag.com
For the Android operating system, it allows users to install applications from outside Google Play to the phone, which increases the risk of malware infection.
Google Play manages apps less strict than the App Store on the Smartphones of users
Android applications run in the Sandbox, an isolated area of the system that does not have access to the rest of the system resources unless the users explicitly grant access when the application is installed. However, this may not be available prior to app installation.
For example, microphone access of pre-installed camera applications cannot be disabled without turning the camera off completely.
In iOS 14.5 updates according to Apple's announcement, a new feature called App Tracking Transparency of iOS will force apps to get explicit permission from users before tracking them on other apps.
In case of user refusal, companies that rely on online advertising services are said to "lose" the data they collect, resulting in a loss of revenue.
On Android, the policy is also easier for accessed applications to collect information from the users from other apps.
This has always been one of the standout strengths of Android. Android manufacturers allow users to easily customize their phones, you can reset the layout on the home screen, add widgets and shortcuts, and even change the entire UI. Android also allows you set third-party apps as the default option.
For iOS, the operating system has less customization. Users use mostly what is already on the device default, and the ability to use third-party applications is limited. Therefore, if you are a tinkerer or want a truly unique, personalized interface for yourself, then Android is the platform for you.
When developing apps for any platform, the biggest concern for the app developer is the app's ability to develop app well and have good revenue.
For Google Play, Google requires apps to use its payment system with an average commission of 30%, equal to the rate Apple applies to the App Store.
But now Apple is introducing a new tax halving policy for small businesses. The commission is only 15% for businesses earning less than or equal to $1 million in a calendar year, this figure is $ 1 million on the basis of after sharing revenue with Apple.
Developers will be eligible to participate in the program until the amount they earn, after sharing with Apple, exceeds $1 million, will no longer be eligible to participate.
The same applies to subscription apps. Currently, the revenue share is 30% for the first year of registration, then down to 15% for the following regular subscription years. The Small Business Program rate would be 15% for all years
Apple also emphasized that small developers will continue to benefit from Apple's developer toolset: development apps, programming languages, secure payment interfaces, and more than 250,000 of them. The essential software building block is called an API. Apple is also committed to providing developers with other tools like HealthKit, ARKit, and Core ML to keep making great apps.
According to statistics and predictions from Sensor Tower, the App Store is always ahead of Google Play in revenue from users when using apps. In 2023, App Store revenue will have reached 96 billion dollars while Google Play only has reached 60 billion dollars.
Global App Store and Google Play User Spending 2018-2023, Source: Sensor Tower Store Intelligence
Considering many factors, the app developer has more development opportunities on the App Store. With limited economic potential, prioritizing iOS app development and then developing on the Android platform will be more efficient for App Developers.
IOS and Android, each Operating System with its own pros and cons, are two important platforms for app developers. Surely you have your own answer. Let's comment below to let us know your personal opinion!